Lutenegger, Alan J. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts.
Last reviewed:April 2018
- Geotechnical engineering projects
- Practicing engineers
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A branch of civil engineering concerned with analyzing and evaluating the behavior of earth materials and the ability of these materials to support structures on or below the ground. Ultimately, nearly all of the structures built on planet Earth rest on soil or rock—naturally occurring geologic deposits—and all structures begin with a good foundation. Highways, bridges, buildings, cell towers, wind turbines, large solar panel systems, and just about every other built structure that we see every day has a foundation to support it that has been designed by a geotechnical engineer (see illustration). Geotechnical engineering is an area within civil engineering that focuses on the mechanical behavior of soil and rock to support buildings and other structures. Whereas structural engineers are concerned primarily with the use of steel, concrete, and wood to build structures and environmental engineers are concerned primarily with providing safe drinking water and treatment of waste water, geotechnical engineers are concerned primarily with using soil and rock as engineering materials to build on and build with.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Its dedicated editorial team is led by Sagan Award winner John Rennie. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 42 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 17,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information