Oris, James T. Department of Zoology, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.
Last reviewed:January 2017
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- Microbial pollution
- Suspended solids
- Atmospheric pollutants
- Fossil fuels
- Other synthetic organic compounds
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The study of the production, fate, and effects of natural and synthetic pollutants in the environment. The breadth of this field depends on the definition of environment. It can be defined as narrowly as the home and workplace or as broadly as the entire Earth and its biosphere. Environmental toxicology is truly an interdisciplinary science. The effects of a pollutant on the environment depend on the amount released (the dose) and its chemical and physical properties. Pollutants can be grouped according to their origin and effects (see illustration). See also: Environmental engineering; Toxicology
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